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The Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC): Empowering Governance and Promoting Meritocracy

The Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) is a constitutional body that plays a vital role in the recruitment and selection process for various administrative positions in the state of Bihar, India. Established in 1956, the BPSC aims to ensure transparency, fairness, and meritocracy in the selection of candidates for civil service positions. This article explores the significance of BPSC in shaping Bihar’s governance, highlights its functions, and discusses the impact it has on the state’s administrative machinery.

  1. History and Evolution of BPSC

The Bihar Public Service Commission has a rich history that dates back to the pre-independence era. Initially known as the Joint Public Service Commission, it was established in 1950. After the reorganization of states in 1956, it became the Bihar Public Service Commission. Over the years, the commission has evolved, adapting to changing times and technological advancements. Its primary objective remains the same: to conduct competitive examinations and recruit eligible individuals for various civil service positions in the state.

  1. Functions and Responsibilities of BPSC

The BPSC is entrusted with several important functions and responsibilities. Its primary role is to conduct competitive examinations for the recruitment of candidates in various administrative positions, such as the Bihar Administrative Service, Bihar Police Service, Bihar Revenue Service, and others. The commission also conducts examinations for the recruitment of lecturers in government colleges and other prestigious positions.

Furthermore, the BPSC advises the state government on matters related to personnel management, such as framing and amendment of recruitment rules, promotions, and disciplinary actions. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the efficiency and integrity of the administrative machinery by ensuring that appointments are made based on merit and following a transparent selection process.

  1. Ensuring Transparency and Meritocracy

One of the key objectives of the BPSC is to ensure transparency and meritocracy in the selection process. The commission follows a rigorous and impartial examination system, which includes written exams, interviews, and other selection criteria. The syllabus and examination pattern are well-defined and made available to all candidates, ensuring a level playing field.

To enhance transparency, the BPSC releases answer keys and question papers after the exams, allowing candidates to evaluate their performance. This practice helps maintain trust and confidence in the selection process.

Meritocracy is at the heart of BPSC’s functioning. The commission evaluates candidates based on their knowledge, skills, and aptitude, ensuring that the most deserving candidates are selected for various administrative positions. This commitment to meritocracy helps in building a competent and efficient administrative system in Bihar.

  1. Challenges and Reforms

While the BPSC has made significant contributions to the governance of Bihar, it faces certain challenges. One of the challenges is the large number of applicants for limited vacancies, leading to tough competition. Additionally, the commission has faced criticism regarding delays in the selection process and allegations of favoritism.

To address these challenges, the BPSC has been undertaking various reforms. The commission has embraced technology by introducing online application processes, e-admit cards, and result notifications, making the entire selection process more efficient and transparent. It has also taken steps to expedite the selection process, reducing delays and ensuring timely appointments.

Moreover, the BPSC is focusing on capacity building and training programs for its staff to enhance their skills and expertise. These reforms aim to strengthen BPSC’s functioning and ensure a fair and efficient selection process.


The Bihar Public Service Commission plays a crucial role in shaping the administrative machinery of Bihar. By ensuring transparency, fairness, and meritocracy in the recruitment process, the BPSC contributes to building a competent and efficient civil service. Despite challenges, the commission has been proactive in adopting reforms to streamline its operations and improve its efficiency. As Bihar continues to progress, the BPSC will play a pivotal role in selecting the best talent to lead and govern the state effectively, thereby contributing to its overall development and welfare of its citizens.


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